Vegan recipes from Scotland
Japanese Vegan in Scotland

head_1head_2

Spinach and Potato Vegan Curry Croquette


  • 2012/10/06

'Spinach and Potato Vegan Curry Croquette' -- 2 Servings (4 pieces)

DSC_2059.jpg

INGREDIENTS

400g potatoes, cut into 2cm cubes and soaked in a bowl of water for 10 min
1 medium onion, minced
100g fresh spinach
1 clove garlic, minced
Same amount of ginger, minced
2 Tbls olive oil
1 1/2 Tbls curry powder
1 Tbls ketchup
1 Tsp sugar
1 Tsp garam masala
1 Tsp vegan Worcester sauce
Salt & pepper to taste

1/2 cup flour
1/2 cup water
1 cup Panko (breadcrumbs)


Directions:
1. Drain the potatoes and place on a microwave suitable plate. Cover with clear film, cook for 6 min (700w). Uncover the plate and cook again for 2 min until potatoes are soft. Mash the potatoes in a big bowl. If you want a stronger potato flavor, you can leave the skins on.
2. Heat vegetable oil in a frying pan. Add onion, garlic and ginger and stir-fry until the onion is golden. Add spinach and cook until the spinach is soft. Add the fried veggies to the bowl with the potatoes.
3. Add olive oil, curry powder, ketchup, sugar, garam masala and Worcester sauce and mix well. Add salt and pepper to taste. Separate the mixture into 4 balls and form into burger shapes.
4. Toast the panko in a frying pan over mid heat until brown. It's easy to burn, so please be careful.
5. Mix the flour and water in a bowl. Dip the burgers first into the flour/water mixture, then into the panko.
6. Bake the croquettes for 10 min in a 220 degree oven, flip over and bake for 5 more minutes.
7. Eat with your favorite sauce (e.g brown sauce or chili sauce)!!



Croquette again! But this one is healthier than my other post! I usually use Japanese brown sauce like Tonkatsu sauce but you can enjoy them without sauce too!
If you don't mind eating oily food, you can also deep-fry the croquette (You don't need to toast the panko first). It is the traditional way to cook them.

Vegan Memo:
- If you deep-fry these, they will soak up quite a lot of oil (about 10% of the weight of the croquette).



Nutrition FactsPer a croquette
Calories - 298.6
Total Fat - 7.7 g
  Saturated Fat - 1.0 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat - 0.8 g
  Monounsaturated Fat - 5.1 g
Cholesterol - 0.0 mg
Sodium - 162.6 mg
  Potassium - 666.5 mg
Total Carbohydrate - 46.0 g
  Dietary Fiber - 4.6 g
  Sugars - 3.3 g
Protein - 6.3 g
Powered By Spark Recipes


DSC_2057.jpg

Non Oil Vegan Katsu-Don


  • 2012/06/06

'Non Oil Vegan Katsu-Don' -- 4 Servings

p50.jpg

INGREDIENTS

4 servings rice

400g frozen firm tofu (or 2 pieces Koya tofu)
1/2 cup plain flour
1/2 cup water
2 cups panko (breadcrumbs)

Katsu-Don sauce:
1 cup water
6 Tbls (90ml) soya sauce
4 Tbls (60ml) mirin
2 Tbls sugar
3 Tbls sake or white wine
salt to taste

1 onion
200g silken tofu
1 Tbls potato starch or corn starch (mix with same amount of water)
Spring onion to garnish


Directions:
1. Defrost the frozen tofu, drain and press. Slice the tofu into 5-7mm thick.
2. Toast the panko in a frying pan over mid heat until brown. It's easy to burn, so please be careful.
3. Mix the flour and water in a bowl. Dip the sliced tofu first into the flour/water mixture, then into the panko.
4. Bake the tofu for 10min in a 220 degree oven, flip over and bake for 5 more minutes.
5. Place all ingredients for Katsu-Don sauce in a pan, and bring to a boil. Turn the heat down to medium and add sliced onion. Cover and cook until the onion is soft.
6. Mush the silken tofu by hand and add to the sauce pan. Add the potato starch and water mixture too and mix well. Bring it to a boil then turn off the heat. Place the rice, baked tofu, sauce and thinly sliced spring onions in a bowl. EAT!



Katsu Don is one of the most famous Japanese rice bowls. Traditionally Katsu is made of breaded deep-fried pork meat, and a thick sauce with egg is poured on top. I made this vegan Katsu from frozen tofu which has a harder texture and used silken tofu instead of the egg for the sauce. The normal way to cook the Katsu is deep-frying, but I chose to bake mine to make the healthiest Katsu Don in the world! This sauce is thick and salty and the best match with white rice!

Vegan Memo:
- If you want to deep fry the Katsu, you can do it without changing the recipe. But you don't need to toast the panko first.



Nutrition FactsPer Serving
Calories - 458.6
Total Fat - 10.9 g
  Saturated Fat - 1.5 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat - 5.8 g
  Monounsaturated Fat - 2.2 g
Cholesterol - 0.0 mg
Sodium - 902.0 mg
  Potassium - 474.3 mg
Total Carbohydrate - 79.5 g
  Dietary Fiber - 4.7 g
  Sugars - 15.0 g
Protein - 26.3 g
Powered By Spark Recipes


IMGP2447.jpg

Vegan Tofu Burger & Easy BBQ Sauce


  • 2012/05/15

'Vegan Tofu Burger & Easy BBQ Sauce' -- 4 Servings (4 Pieces)

DSC_0072.jpg

INGREDIENTS

Tofu burger:
200g firm tofu (momen tofu)
Half onion
1 carrot
2 Tbls flour
1/2 cup panko
1 Tsp dried basil
1 Tsp dried thyme
1 dash nutmeg powder
Salt & pepper to taste

BBQ sauce:
2 Tbls vegan Worcester sauce
2 Tbls ketchup
2 Tbls agave syrup (or maple syrup)
2 Tsp Sriracha sauce (if you want to make it spicy.)


Directions:
1. Microwave the tofu for 2 min. Press the water out of the tofu (as much as you can).
2. Heat a little vegetable oil in a frying pan, add minced onion and carrot, fry until the carrot is soft.
3. Place fried onion, carrot, tofu and all other ingredients for the burger into the bowl, and mix well. Separate mixture into 4 equal pieces, and shape into burgers.
4. Fry burgers on both sides over medium heat while covering pan. Fry on both sides until burgers are brown.
5. Mix all ingredients of the sauce, spread sauce on the burgers. EAT!



This is an easy and tasty tofu burger recipe. In Japan, tofu burger recipes are always using chicken mince. It's not TOFU burger! So I made REAL tofu burger recipe. It can be difficult to keep the tofu hard enough to form burgers. But this recipe has a nice, firm burger texture I think!
I think you can easily find vegan BBQ sauce in the supermarket, but I recommend homemade BBQ sauce. You can make your favourite BBQ sauce by yourself and it's easy!

Vegan Memo:
- Please press the tofu well.
- I used the dried basil and thyme to cut the beany flavor of the tofu. You can use dried mixed herbs instead of that as well.



Nutrition FactsPer Serving
Calories - 150.9
Total Fat - 4.6 g
  Saturated Fat - 0.7 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat - 2.5 g
  Monounsaturated Fat - 1.0 g
Cholesterol - 0.0 mg
Sodium - 189.6 mg
  Potassium - 199.3 mg
Total Carbohydrate - 24.3 g
  Dietary Fiber - 2.1 g
  Sugars - 3.8 g
Protein - 9.3 g
Powered By Spark Recipes


DSC_0067.jpg

Vegan Tofu Roll Cabbage with Thick Tomato Sauce


  • 2012/04/09

'Vegan Tofu Roll Cabbage with Thick Tomato Sauce' -- 4 Servings (8 Pieces)

IMGP2566.jpg

INGREDIENTS

- Tofu Filling
400g firm tofu (moment tofu)
Half onion
1 medium carrot
1/2 cup panko (breadcrumbs)
Salt, pepper & basil to taste
1 pinch nutmeg powder
1/2 Tbls miso paste
2 Tbls chickpea flour or normal flour

8 big cabbage leaves (you should ready 2-3 leaves more, in case.)

300ml water
50ml white wine
1 vegetable stock cube
2 bay leaves
400g can of chopped/plum tomatos
2 Tbls ketchup
2 Tbls vegan Worcester sauce
1 Tbls sugar
Salt & pepper to taste


Directions:
1. Cut the carrot and onion into 5mm cubes. Fry with a little vegetable oil until carrot and onion are tender. Drain and press the tofu. Boil the water in a big pan, add a pinch of salt and the cabbage leaves, and cook for 10min over medium heat. Remove the leaves and allow to cool.
2. Place the fried onion and carrot, the pressed tofu and other filling ingredients into a bowl. Mix well until the filling is combined and smooth.
3. Divide the tofu filling into 8 balls, place a ball inside each cabbage leaf and roll. Pin the leaves with tooth pick to keep them closed. Alternatively roll the leaves using the method in this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNGNOr1zbvY
4. Place rolls in a single layer in a pan. Add water, wine, vegetable stock and bay leaves, and cook over high heat. After the water begins to boil, turn the heat down to low, cover the pan and cook for 10min.
5. Pour the can of tomatoes, ketchup, Worcester sauce, sugar, salt and pepper over the pan, cover the pan and cook for 10min again.
6. Transfer the roll cabbage to a dish. Add salt and pepper to the sauce left in the pan and pour the sauce over the roll cabbage. EAT!



Roll cabbage is the Japanese name for meat-stuffed cabbage leaves. Roll cabbage reminds me of my mother's food which I ate when I was young. I didn't eat it for a while (because it's not vegan), so I decided to try making it with tofu.
This tomato sauce has a little bit of the sharpness of tomato but is also thick and smooth. The tofu filling is nice and fluffy.
Roll cabbage recipes always look complicate, but actually you can finish everything in around an hour. Please try making these roll cabbage when you finish your work earlier than usual!

Vegan Memo:
- you should cut the knobbly bit off the core of the cabbage if it's too big to roll.
- If your cabbage leaves tear, you can use extra leaves to cover it.
- I think this videos way of rolling is quite storing: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNGNOr1zbvY
But if you are concerned about roll cabbage breaking or unrolling, you should use a tooth pick.
- The pan you use to cook the roll cabbage should be just big enough to keep them all in a single layer! If your roll cabbages have some space in the pan, you should use cabbage or something in the space to stop them moving around while they cook!



Nutrition FactsPer person/2 Pieces
Calories - 198.6
Total Fat - 9.9 g
  Saturated Fat - 1.4 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat - 5.0 g
  Monounsaturated Fat - 1.9 g
Cholesterol - 0.0 mg
Sodium - 805.9 mg
  Potassium - 412.1 mg
Total Carbohydrate - 26.2 g
  Dietary Fiber - 4.9 g
  Sugars - 11.3 g
Protein - 19.5 g
Powered By Spark Recipes


IMGP2562.jpg

Spicy Tofu stuffed Mushrooms


  • 2012/03/16

'Spicy Tofu stuffed Mushrooms' -- 4 Servings (12 pieces)

IMGP2020.jpg

INGREDIENTS

12 medium white/chestnut mushrooms

250g firm tofu
1/2 Tbls chinese chili bean sauce 'toban jan' (or similar chili bean paste - NOT hot sauce)
1/2 Tbls soya sauce
1 clove garlic
2 Tbls panko
Salt & pepper to taste

Flour to dust mushrooms
1 fresh lime


Directions:
1. Mix pressed tofu, chili bean sauce, soya sauce, grated garlic, panko, salt and pepper in a bowl until well combined.
2. Cut the stalks off the mushrooms, mince them and add to tofu filling.
3. Put mushrooms upside-down, dust lightly with flour. Put a small ball of the tofu filling into each mushroom, making the shape by pressing softly. Dust filled mushrooms again with flour.
4. Heat a little olive oil in a frying pan. Place the mushrooms tofu filling side down, cover pan with a lid, and fry mushrooms until browned. Flip the mushrooms over, cover and fry again. Squeeze lime over cooked mushrooms and EAT!



Mushrooms are one of our favourite foods. In Japan, we used to eat so many kinds of mushroom, like shimeji, enoki, shitake and maitake. But these kinds of mushroom are too expensive to buy every day in Scotland so that's why we are always eating the common white or brown ones.
In this recipe, you can enjoy their nice flavour. The mushrooms flavor with the spicy tofu is the best match with beer!

Vegan Memo:
- Please press the tofu well. I recommend you microwave the tofu for a couple of minutes before pressing. It's a trick we use in Japan to get the water out of the tofu. It's faster, I think!
- Of course, you can use shitake mushrooms instead of white mushrooms!



Nutrition FactsPer person/3 pieces
Calories - 89.8
Total Fat - 5.6 g
  Saturated Fat - 0.8 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat - 3.1 g
  Monounsaturated Fat - 1.2 g
Cholesterol - 0.0 mg
Sodium - 302.8 mg
  Potassium - 158.6 mg
Total Carbohydrate - 12.2 g
  Dietary Fiber - 2.4 g
  Sugars - 0.3 g
Protein - 13.7 g
Powered By Spark Recipes


IMGP2019.jpg

Chickpea Vegan Burger with Teriyaki Sauce


  • 2012/03/12

'Chickpea Vegan Burger with Teriyaki Sauce' -- 4 Servings

IMGP2001.jpg

INGREDIENTS

The burger:
400g can chickpeas, drained and rinsed (242g after draining)
1 onion, diced
Half carrot, minced
approx 15 leaves basil, minced
2 Tbls flour
1/2 cup bread crumbs
1 dash nutmeg powder
1/2 Tsp paprika
1 Tsp thyme
1 Tbls olive oil
Pepper to taste

The teriyaki sauce:
6 Tbls sake
6 Tbls mirin
4 Tbld soya sauce
2 Tsp sugar
2 Tbls water

1 Tsp potato starch, mixed with same amount of water


Directions:
1. Heat a little vegetable oil in a frying pan, add minced onion and carrot, fry until the carrot is soft.
2. Place chickpeas in a bowl, mash them with the back of a fork.
3. Place all other ingredients for the burger, fried onion and carrot into the bowl, and mix well. Separate mixture into 4 equal pieces, and shape into burgers.
4. Fry burgers on both sides over medium heat.
5. Mix the ingredients for the teriyaki sauce and pour from the corner of the frying pan, cooking over high heat. After the sauce reduces by half, take the burgers out and add the potato starch/water paste to the pan. Cook and mix for a short time until thickened and smooth. Spread sauce on the burgers. EAT!



I didn't make a vegan burger for a long time. It's easy for the mixture to get too dry if you use chickpeas for vegan burgers, but cooking with teriyaki sauce helps to makes it moist. The teriyaki sauce soaks into the burger a little bit and this burger is already flavoured, so you don't feel like you are eating beans.
If you want to feel the chickpeas texture, you can leave some bits when you mash it.
I decided to give the nutritional info for my recipes using Recipe Calculator from Spark Recipes, so please check it as well!

Vegan Memo:
- You can use other kinds of beans I think, e.g black beans, soya beans and so on.
- You can use dried basil instead of fresh basil if you don't have it.



Nutrition FactsPer person/1 burger
Calories - 232.1
Total Fat - 6.6 g
  Saturated Fat - 1.0 g
  Polyunsaturated Fat - 1.2 g
  Monounsaturated Fat - 4.0 g
Cholesterol - 0.0 mg
Sodium - 997.1 mg
  Potassium - 160.4 mg
Total Carbohydrate - 36.1 g
  Dietary Fiber - 3.0 g
  Sugars - 5.2 g
Protein - 5.0 g
Powered By Spark Recipes


IMGP1997.jpg

Vegan Tofu Katsu with Teriyaki Sauce


  • 2012/02/13

'Vegan Tofu Katsu with Teriyaki Sauce' -- 2 servings

IMGP1532.jpg


INGREDIENTS

Inside:
4 koya-tofu (freeze-dried tofu)
400ml dashi or water
2 Tbls soya sauce
1 Tbls mirin
1 Tbls sake

Coating:
1/3 cup flour
1/3 cup water
Panko (breadcrumbs), enough to cover tofu

Vegetable oil

Sauce:
3 Tbls soya sauce
2 Tbls vinegar
2 Tbls mirin
1 Tbls sake
1 Tbls sugar
1 clove garlic
Same amount ginger
1 Tsp potato starch
1 Tsp water



Directions:
1. Place koya-tofu, dash or water, soya sauce, mirin and sake into pan and cover it with otoshi buta (which is Japanese-style drop-lid) or kitchen foil (see Vegan memo) and cook until water is reduced by half (around 10min). Leave it until cold to handle.
2. Make sauce. Put soya sauce, vinegar, mirin, sake, sugar, minced garlic and minced ginger into small pan and bring it to the boil. Mix potato starch with water and add to pan, mixing well until sauce is smooth and thick. Turn off heat.
3. Squeeze the koya-tofu gently, dip it into the flour/water mix, then the breadcrumbs, and deep fry in medium hot oil.
4. Eat with sauce!



I think Koya-tofu katsu is the most famous Japanese vegan recipe in Japan. Almost all Japanese vegans know this recipe. I got koya-tofu from my parents, so I finally made it in the UK. (Katsu is kind of Japanese cutlet. Usually people use pork.)
Seasoning the koya-tofu makes it so juicy, more than smelly real meat. If you eat this katsu with this teriyaki sauce, you can feel like you are eating unhealthy non-vegan food. And it's so good with white rice! Try it!


Vegan Memo:
- If you don't have otoshi buta, you can use kitchen foil. Fold it into a little bit smaller than the pan size, and make small 6 holes to allow the steam to escape.
- I think it might be difficult to find koya-tofu. Please try asking staff in health food shops, Asian supermarkets, or order on the internet!
- When you squeeze koya-tofu, don't do it too much or it will become too dry. But don't do it too gently either or it will be dangerous to deep fry!
- Please make sure to put panko on the narrower sides and corners of the koya-tofu to make it look better!

IMGP1537.jpg

Vegan Gratin


  • 2012/01/16

'Vegan Pasta Gratin' -- 4 servings

gratin1.jpg

INGREDIENTS


2 Tbls margarine
1 onion
1 carrot
Half pack mushrooms
Half head of broccoli
2 Tbls flour

600ml unsweetened soya milk
1 cube vegetable stock
2 Tbls white miso or usual miso paste
Salt and white pepper to taste

180g pasta

1 Tbls olive oil
1 clove garlic
3 Tbls bread crumbs or panko
Vegan cheese to taste
Parsley to taste


Directions:

1. Heat margarine in a heavy bottom pot, add sliced onion and chopped carrot, fry well. After it starts to brown, add sliced mushrooms, broccoli and flour, fry and stir until vegetables are evenly coated and flour is no longer powdery.
2. Add soya milk, vegetable stock and miso, and stop cooking before the mixture starts to boil. Add salt and pepper to taste.
3. Grease the oven dish with olive oil, cut a clove of garlic in half, rub the cut side of the garlic on the oven dish. Place boiled pasta, white sauce, vegan cheese and bread crumbs into the oven dish (in that order), bake until bread crumbs are brown (around 20min in 200 degrees). Place parsley on top of gratin and eat!



Kids like it. Adults like it. It's creamy gratin! For this vegan cream sauce, the sweetness of well cooked onion and the richness of the miso is important. Of course, you can use this recipe for stew, doria (gratin using rice) and so on, and also you can use potatoes, asparagus… or anything instead of pasta, I think.
Gratin is not so complicated and it is easy to make a side dish when you are baking it. So I want people who don't usually cook to challenge themselves and try this recipe.

Vegan Memo:
- If you can't get vegan cheese, you don't need to use it.
- If your vegan cheese is able to melt, you can put it on top of gratin. If your vegan chess is not able to melt, you should add it in the white sauce. Otherwise it will be dried crispy vegan cheese!
- You should try it with hot sauce. It's super delicious!

gratin2.jpg

Vegan Japanese Croquette


  • 2011/12/09

'Vegan Japanese Croquette' -- 4 servings

IMGP0842.jpg

INGREDIENTS


Filling:

4 large potatoes

1 onion
1 cup TVP (before rehydrating)
3 Tbls soy sauce
2 Tbls sugar
2 Tbls mirin
2 Tbls sake
Salt & pepper to taste

Coating:
1 cup flour
1 cup or more water
Breadcrumbs (Japanese style panko)

Vegetable oil

Directions:
1. Cut potato into bite-size piece, boil them until soft. Drain and mash well.
2. Heat vegetable oil in a frying pan, add minced onion. After the onion start to turn clear, add TVP, soy sauce, sugar, mirin and sake and fry more. Stop frying before all the soup has evaporated.
3. Add onion/TVP mixture to the mashed potatoes and mix well. Shape the filling into 5cm balls.
4. After using up all the filling, dip each ball into the flour/water mix, then the breadcrumbs, and deep fry them in medium hot oil. Eat!



Japanese croquette is not that complicated to make, but usually people have some a favorite style. Some people like succulent and meaty ones, and other people like hot and soft potato taste. This recipe is good for vegan/vegetarians who are tired of only being able to eat plain potato croquettes!

Making vegan foods that replicate the texture and oily/juiciness of meat has been one of my vegan cooking challenge for long time, and still I can't find any good way to do that. But this time, I think I could make croquette that were more succulent than usual. Please try it!

Vegan Memo:
- If you can't get TVP, you can use minced koya-dofu instead.
- If you fry mince until it is dry, after you add all sauces, it will be difficult to make the shape of the croquette. So please be careful.
- Flour/water mix shouldn't be so heavy or it will be difficult to dip the filling into the mix. So make it thinner than you think.